Myopia development and progression are multifactorial, with a complex interaction between genetic (non-modifiable) and environmental (modifiable) risk factors influencing myopigenesis. Most children, especially those living in an urban environment, live in a myopigenic environment (high near work, low time outdoors). They are almost continuously exposed to myopia-inducing stimuli. Many children and adolescents have developed unhealthy lifestyles, which affect their visual and overall health. Therefore, at a minimum, lifestyle advice and visual health guidance should be provided to all pre-myopic and myopic children. Read More