Myopia and amblyopia are among the most common conditions in pediatric ophthalmology practice. While the diagnoses are relatively easy and the conditions are treatable, knowing when to suspect an underlying cause or a genetic disorder contributing to myopia or masquerading as amblyopia is less clear. Myopia can result from an elongated axial eye length, an abnormal intraocular lens, an abnormal corneal curvature or a combination. Amblyopia represents decreased vision in one or both eyes due to abnormal vision development in infancy or childhood. This feature explores some of the signs and clues for cases where myopia and amblyopia are manifestations of a more severe condition. Read More